What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaws, and misaligned bite patterns. It can also focus on modifying facial growth, known as dentofacial orthopedics. Abnormal alignment of the teeth and jaws is common.
Here are the most common dental orthodontic treatments:
1. Occlusal problems
Issues with the alignment of teeth and jaws are seen when your teeth are not in proper occlusion because of crossbite, overbite, or underbite. These problems cause speech difficulties with changes in facial form and structure. With the help of orthodontic treatments, one can fix these issues to get a more appealing and well-aligned tooth.
2. Bruxism and tooth grinding
What is bruxism? Bruxism is a condition in which you grind or clench your teeth. This can happen while you are awake or while sleeping. Sometimes symptoms like headache, spasms of jaw muscles, or tooth pain can be noticed. Bruxism and tooth grinding can happen due to abnormal alignment of jaws, during concentration, or while having anxiety or stress. If bruxism and clenching are because of underlying psychological reasons, a dental guard along with visits to the therapist can help in reducing the loss of enamel and stress respectively. For misaligned jaws, orthodontics treatment can be done to overcome the habit.
3. Spacing and crowding
A lot of times we see patients with space between their teeth (most commonly the front two teeth: diastema) or overlapping of teeth (also called crowding) which are not aesthetically pleasing. These problems can easily be fixed with a removable or fixed orthodontic appliance. Sometimes crowded teeth are seen when there is no space in the jaw (tooth-jaw discrepancy), such cases are treated with extraction followed by orthodontic treatment for alignment of teeth.
4. Facial asymmetry
Facial asymmetry is the presence of a clinically significant variation between the two halves of the fact that the patient (or parents, in the instance of most congenital asymmetries) is concerned about and that can be quantified by the clinician. Facial aesthetic evaluation is the most important part of orthodontic treatment planning and its attainment is a primary goal throughout the procedure.
Depending on the age of the patient the treatment plan is made. If the patient is a growing age, orthodontic appliances (like headgear, functional appliances, etc.) can be used to get symmetry. If the patient has surpassed their growing age, sometimes surgical treatment can be done along with orthodontic treatment to get the required result.
We, The Dental Roots are one of the top dental hospitals in India. We are well-equipped with the latest technologies and modern equipment to ensure painless orthodontic treatment. Our head dentist Dr. Dheeraj Setia and his team of top Orthodontists in Delhi are available in our Gurgaon clinics and Delhi clinic. We offer invisible teeth braces that are customized for each patient. They are discrete and don't interrupt your daily life.